- who face various types of claims in the course of their operations.
It could be cargo claims, collision claims, General Average/Salvage
claims , Charter party disputes, or other third party liabilities.
CHARTERERS - who are
exposed to similar types of claims as faced by ship owners .
INSURANCE COMPANIES -
who have to deal with claims arising under their Policies in the first
instance and thereafter recover from responsible third parties under
their rights of subrogation.
SHIPPERS / CONSIGNEES
- who have to recover claims under their cargo Policies or from the
contractual Carriers if the cargo is not insured or if the claim is
outside the scope of the Policy.
CONTRACTUAL PARTIES - Anyone who face disputes / claims
arising from breach of commercial contracts.